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NC State Extension

Solar Energy

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Matters discussed and resources provided on this page concern industrial-scale solar photovoltaic (PV) facilities, including land leasing issues, zoning issues, and matters of decommissioning including waste management and financial assurances.


An Update on North Carolina Solar Development and Decommission Policy. This piece, published in the Fall 2021 NC State Economist, provides an overview of the findings of the Department of Environmental Quality study on issues related to future decommission of utility-scale solar facilities.

Legal Issues Surrounding Due Diligence for Solar Development. This Cooperative Extension Fact Sheet discusses what matters of title and encumbrance must be cleared before a solar developer can enter into a lease for solar photovoltaic (PV) solar development.

NC Department of Environmental Quality Releases HB 329 Decommission StudySummary of the draft Final Report for recommendations for regulations regarding the decommission of solar photovoltaic (PV) facilities, including disposal of panels and financial assurance.

What is Solar? This NC State Extension factsheet explores the basic premises of solar energy production of electricity, including industrial scale and residential use.

Solar and Wind Energy Development:  Tax Implications. This discussion of tax treatment of renewable energy dates from 2016 and is being updated.

Solar Energy Leasing: Contract Terms Explained. This discussion of solar lease terms dates from 2016 and is being updated.

Considerations for Transferring Agricultural Land to Solar Energy Production.This comprehensive fact sheet written by Mike Carrol (N.C. Cooperative Extension of Craven County, covers many issues to consider when converting open agricultural land to a solar PV facility.


Solar Lease Impact, Decision, and Negotiation. This presentation concerns numerous attributes of solar leases with an emphasis on contract negotiation.


Solar Energy Resources for Local Governments and Residents in North Carolina. (Cleveland, NC State University 2016)