Skip to main content

NC State Extension

Farm Succession and Transfer

en Español / em Português

El inglés es el idioma de control de esta página. En la medida en que haya algún conflicto entre la traducción al inglés y la traducción, el inglés prevalece.

Al hacer clic en el enlace de traducción se activa un servicio de traducción gratuito para convertir la página al español. Al igual que con cualquier traducción por Internet, la conversión no es sensible al contexto y puede que no traduzca el texto en su significado original. NC State Extension no garantiza la exactitud del texto traducido. Por favor, tenga en cuenta que algunas aplicaciones y/o servicios pueden no funcionar como se espera cuando se traducen.


Inglês é o idioma de controle desta página. Na medida que haja algum conflito entre o texto original em Inglês e a tradução, o Inglês prevalece.

Ao clicar no link de tradução, um serviço gratuito de tradução será ativado para converter a página para o Português. Como em qualquer tradução pela internet, a conversão não é sensivel ao contexto e pode não ocorrer a tradução para o significado orginal. O serviço de Extensão da Carolina do Norte (NC State Extension) não garante a exatidão do texto traduzido. Por favor, observe que algumas funções ou serviços podem não funcionar como esperado após a tradução.


English is the controlling language of this page. To the extent there is any conflict between the English text and the translation, English controls.

Clicking on the translation link activates a free translation service to convert the page to Spanish. As with any Internet translation, the conversion is not context-sensitive and may not translate the text to its original meaning. NC State Extension does not guarantee the accuracy of the translated text. Please note that some applications and/or services may not function as expected when translated.

Collapse ▲

This page will feature articles, resources, presentations, templates and links to support decisions related to organizing and transferring farm assets for continued productive use. Topic key words include: Land and Farm Business Succession, Leases and Options, Business Entities, Estate Planning (wills, trusts, powers of attorney, etc.), Trustee and other fiduciary powers, leases, purchase contracts, tenancy in common agreements, option agreements, beginning farmers. 

This portal’s particular focus is “farm business succession,” the development of strategies and tactics to transfer working assets (e.g. supporting a business concern) so as to minimize any disruption in the income streams from (and costs of managing) such working assets. Farm succession (also popularly called “farm transition”) will include business entities (e.g. limited liability company), titling of assets, contracts, leases, business valuation, use of life insurance, and communication.

Please check out this GLOSSARY OF TERMS (republished from the workbook Planning the Future of  Your Farm)


Estate Planning – as the term is used in the context of farm succession –describes the suite of documents drafted, reviewed and executed that plan for the disposition of assets (heirlooms, farmland, business interests, etc.) while alive by gift and at death by will or trust. The term also concerns plans for ensuring clear instructions for disposition of remains and other wishes to be carried out by descendants and others. Key words: will, trust, intestate succession, power of attorney, health care power of attorney, living will, advance medical directive, fiduciary duty, letter of last instruction, gift


A lease is a written agreement for a defined term for the use of another’s land or certain personal property (i.e. machinery). This page contains narratives, presentations and templates related to drafting of written agreements for use of land in farming. The emphasis of this page is on various types of lease templates for use of land, as well as rights of farm tenants and lessees, and their landlords. Agreements for transfer of ownership appear under Asset Transfer Agreements. Key words: lease, tenant, lien, emblements, term, rent, crop share


Asset transfer agreements are written agreements for the transfer of land and business assets, including option agreements and contracts for seller financing of purchases. This page contains a number of templates and language suggestionsKey words: option agreement, buy-sell agreement, equipment lease, right of first refusal, amortization, finance, deed of trust, UCC


Farmland SuccessionThis presentation was recently delivered to the 19th Annual Wake County Keep the Farm program. It briefly covers property disposition tax implications and verbal tenancy.

Co-Tenancy Resolution and ManagementThis presentation combines slides from ‘heirs property’ presentations with a case study on “voluntary” partition resolution of co-tenancy, along with slides on management of co-tenancy.

Farm Succession Planning. This presentations covers the legal mechanisms of property and business disposition planning and transfer. Delivered August 2023 at NC State’s Agricultural Leadership Program Alumni gathering at NC Farm Bureau Federation.

Succeeding in Succession Leadership and Legal Decision-Making. This presentation by David Mayo of East Carolina University and Andrew Branan of NC State University places successor leadership development alongside the spectrum of legal decisions made over a course of decades regarding farm succession.

The Basics of Farm Succession. This very short presentation is subject of a training video to be produced. It provides some thought on managing the goals of farm succession.


New! So You Inherited a Farm

This new publication – funded by the NC Tobacco Trust Fund Commission – presents topics and templates concerning the transfer and management of farm interests. Topics include wills, trusts, gifting, titling of property, option agreements, LLC operating agreements, a tenancy-in-common model agreement, and narratives on farm tenancy, farm leases, conservation agreements, and property taxes. A pdf can be downloaded here. Much of the contents can be found by searching the farmlaw site.

Planning the Future of Your Farm

This comprehensive workbook – first published in 2006 and updated in 2018 – contains useful narratives and worksheets to assist with developing your estate planning and business succession documents. The PDF of the workbook can be dowloaded here. An accompanying presentation can be downloaded here.

Getting Into Farming

This workbook is a basic introduction to aspiring farmers on pursuing their farming aspirations. It includes worksheets and narratives on budgeting, planning, record-keeping, seeking land for lease or purchase, setting up a business entity, etc. It was produced by Andrew Branan and others affiliated with National Center for Appropriate Technology under a Beginning Farmer and Rancher Development Program Grant. The workbook can be downloaded here.


Content loaded to Agricultural and Natural Resource Law portal, including narratives, workbooks and presentations, is supported by The North Carolina Tobacco Trust Fund Commission (TTFC) (Grant award 2019-001-16), titled “An Heirs Guide to Farmland”).