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Energy and Climate Change

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Energy Law covers laws concerning promotion, regulation and safety, and advancements in the exploration, acquisition, development, production, marketing and distribution of energy from renewable and conventional sources in North Carolina and beyond. Because Energy Law is closely linked Climate Change Policy, this page will discuss the topic in that context. Energy Law addresses two broad categories of discussion:

  • The legal principles concerning the exploration for, access to, and the production of energy.  This category includes the production of natural gas through hydraulic fracturing of fossil deposits and from biological waste, e.g., poultry litter, and production of electricity from renewable sources that include the sun, wind, and moving water.
  • The manner in which our legal system regulates the provision and distribution of the energy needed for agricultural and forestry operations. This includes the provision of adequate supplies of fuel for transportation, drying, and processing of farm and forest products, as well as the production of inputs such as fertilizer.


This page presents materials concerning adoption of renewable energy technology, including solar energy, wind energy, and biogas electricity generation. Key words: solar, wind, biogas, lease, HB589, facility decommission, conditional use zoning, right of way


This page concerns matters of gas pipeline rights of way, and litigation related to siting of facilities, including environmental justice concerns. Key words: Atlantic Coast Pipeline, right of way, eminent domain, public use, National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), Endangered Species Act (ESA), environmental impact statement


This page discusses developing policy, markets and incentives concerning carbon capture technology, practices and market development, with an emphasis on farm-level impact.