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NC State Extension

Direct Customer and Farm Visitor Liability (Agritourism)

en Español

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This page provides narratives and presentations concerning the extra liability faced by agritourism operations and other farming situations where non-employees are invited to the property, and where farms are otherwise in direct sales contact with customers.

Reading

Farm Liability: Liability Defenses for Injury of Farm Visitors. This N.C. Cooperative Extension Fact Sheet reviews the standards of negligence and accountability for injury, as well as the three NC statutes concerning liability exemption for injuries on farm.

Food Safety:  Insurance Coverage Options for Fresh Produce Growers. ThisN.C. Cooperative Extension Fact Sheet reviews the role of insurance in risk management for fresh produce sales.

Presentations

Insurance: Liability and Insurance Overview. This online presentation takes a cursory look at the concept of liability, its relationship to safety regulations, and the general types of insurance coverage including basic farm, farm commercial, and workers’ compensation.

Agritourism: Introduction to Liability and Regulation. This presentation covers the basic legal theories of liability for injury, and the role of regulations in agritourism management.

Agritourism: Zoning and Building Permits, and the Bona Fide Farm. This presentation covers the broad zoning exemption enjoyed by bona fide farms, and the relationship to building code requirements.

Agritourism: Statutory Liability Protection 99E and Waivers. This presentation covers the three North Carolina farm liability protection statutes regarding invitees engaging in equine, livestock, and agritourism activity, as well as the role of waivers.

Agritourism: Insurance and Entity Protection. This presentation covers the role of insurance and the theory of using a business entity (limited liability company) to protect personal assets from business liabilities.

Food Safety: Legal Issues Related to Cow Share Agreements. This presentation to the CFSA Organic Commodities Conference on the status and legal issues associated with recently legal “Cow Share” agreements under the Farm Act of 2018.

Resources

N.C. Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Agritourism. This page provides marketing resources for new agritourism enterprises.

NC Agritourism Networking Association. This membership organization provides links to various resources involved in developing an agritourism enterprise.

Acknowledgements

Content loaded to Agricultural and Natural Resource Law portal, including narratives, workbooks and presentations, is supported by The North Carolina Tobacco Trust Fund Commission (TTFC) (Grant award 2019-001-16).